Companions by Design...well-bred by choice
"The dog is the most faithful of animals and would be much esteemed were it not so common.Our Lord God has made His greatest gifts the commonest." Martin Luther
After much research into Havanese, pedigrees, genetics, breeding practices, veteranarian recommendations, breeders and AKC policies, I traveled to North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Canada, and California to find the pups that were suitable for our breeding program. For as many breeders there are in the world, there are that many breeding programs. I have chosen Havanese that are AKC registered, meet the Havanese standard, have been raised by good breeders, have been health tested and come from good champion lines.
Our Havanese are a part of our family life. They are raised under foot.....literally! (I have to shuffle when I cook or bake so that I do not step on any of my fur babies who love to wait at my feet!) I work from home, so I do not leave them alone. I feed them the best there is: raw food. We go to the veterinarian regularly to check for common Havanese health issues. I have dedicated my life to raising healthy Havanese so that you may enjoy the quality of life I find with my Havanese!
One of the goals of the Havanese Club of America is for breeders to "improve" the breed. While our desire is to maintain the beautiful breed of Havanese, I am not so sure we as humans can improve upon this beautiful and delightful breed of dog. Check out this article by Caen Elegans from 2012 in Science and Dogs:
100 Years of Breed “Improvement”
Everyone is free to copy this – in whole or in part – and slap it on their website without telling me about it. All I ask is that the work is properly attributed.
If you come across this work without it being attributed to me (in any language) it’s plagiarism. Please use the Feedback/Contact form to let me know.
For the sake of honest disclosure, I will admit to owning “purebreds” (the ‘pureness’ of purebreeds is a discussion for another time) but I also have mutts. All the dogs I’ve had since childhood had a few things in common, they were friendly, prey driven, ball-crazy, intense, motivated, athletic (crazy dogs are easier to train) and none had intentionally bred defects. I would never buy/adopt a dog whose breed characteristics exacted a health burden.(Asher 2009). That just incentivizes people to breed more of these intentionally unhealthy animals. The dogs on the left are fromthe 1915 book, ‘Breeds of All Nations‘ by W.E. Mason. The examples on the right are modern examples from multiple sources. To be able to make an honest comparison, I’ve chosen pictures with similar poses and in a couple of cases flipped the picture to get them both aligned in the same direction. I had to skip some breeds I wanted to include because of the lack of detail in the older photographs.
It seems incredible that at one time the Bull Terrier was a handsome, athletic dog. Somewhere along its journey to a mutated skull and thick abdomen the bull terrier also picked up a number of other maladies like supernumerary teeth and compulsive tail-chasing.
The Basset Hound has gotten lower, has suffered changes to its rear leg structure, has excessive skin, vertebra problems, droopy eyes prone to entropion and ectropion and excessively large ears.
A shorter face means a host of problems. The modern Boxer not only has a shorter face but the muzzle is slightly upturned. The boxer – like all bracecyphalic dogs – has difficulty controlling its temperature in hot weather, the inability to shed heat places limits on physical performance. It also has one of the highest cancer rates.
The English bulldog has come to symbolize all that is wrong with the dog fancy and not without good reason; they suffer from almost every possible disease. A 2004 survey by the Kennel Club found that they die at the median age of 6.25 years (n=180). There really is no such thing as a healthy bulldog. The bulldog’s monstrous proportions make them virtually incapable of mating or birthing without medical intervention.
The Dachshund used to have functional legs and necks that made sense for their size. Backs and necks have gotten longer, chest jutted forward and legs have shrunk to such proportions that there is barely any clearance between the chest and floor. The dachschund has the highest risk of any breed for intervertebral disc disease which can result in paralysis; they are also prone to achondroplastic related pathologies, PRA and problems with their legs.
The German Shepherd Dog is also a breed that is routinely mentioned when people talk about ruined breeds; maybe because they used to be awesome. In Dogs of All Nations, the GSD is described as a medium-sized dog (25 kg /55 lb), this is a far cry from the angulated, barrel-chested, sloping back, ataxic, 85-pounders(38 kg) we are used to seeing in the conformation ring. There was a time when the GSD could clear a 2.5 meter (8.5 ft) wall; that time is long gone.
The Pug is another extreme brachycephalic breed and it has all the problems associated with that trait – high blood pressure, heart problems, low oxygenation, difficulty breathing, tendency to overheat, dentition problems, and skin fold dermatitis. The highly desirable double-curl tail is actually a genetic defect, in more serious forms it leads to paralysis.
Once a noble working dog, the modern St. Bernard has been oversized, had its faced squished in, and bred for abundant skin. You will not see this type of dog working, they can’t handle it as they quickly overheat. The diseases include entropion, ectropion, Stockard’s paralysis, hemophilia, osteosarcoma, aphakia, fibrinogen deficiency.
It is unrealistic to expect any population to be free of genetic diseases but show breeders have intentionally selected for traits which result in diseases. Conformation breeders claim they are improving the breed and yet they are often the cause of these problems. If “improvement” in looks imposes a health burden then it is not a breed improvement..
No dog breed has ever been improved by the capricious and arbitrary decision that a shorter/longer/flatter/bigger/smaller/curlier “whatever” is better. Condemning a dog to a lifetime of suffering for the sake of looks is not an improvement; it is torture.
- Dog Breed Historical Pictures.
- Breed-Predispositions to Cancer in Pedigree Dogs – ISRN Veterinary Science
- The Price of a Pedigree – Dog breed standards and breed-related illness – Animal Welfare Group (PDF)
- A healthier future for pedigree dogs (2009) – Associate Parliamentary Group for Animal Welfare (PDF)
- A healthier future for pedigree dogs – 2012 update – APGAW (PDF)
- Pedigree dog breeding in the UK: a major welfare concern? – RSPCA (PDF)
- Population structure and inbreeding from pedigree analysis of purebred dogs
Asher L, Diesel G, Summers JF, McGreevy PD, Collins LM. (2009). Inherited defects in pedigree dogs. Part 1: disorders related to breed standards. Vet J. 2009 Dec;182(3):402-11.